14th Annual Symposium on Family Issues - Intergenerational Caregiving

Date 10/05/06 to 10/06/06
Location Penn State University
Event URL http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319015613
Description

Dramatic changes in American families over the past half century have transformed the nature of intergenerational relationships. Nuclear families have become smaller as fertility has declined, but extended families have become larger with gains in life expectancy leading to more multi-generational families. Divorce and non-marital childbearing, remarriage and cohabitation, all more common now than a half century ago, add further complexity to intergenerational relationships. They weaken ties to biological fathers while at the same time reinforcing some grandparent-grandchild ties. Step-children and step-grandchildren, increase the number of family members on whom an elderly person can potentially rely for help, but the strength of these familial ties may be insufficient to generate the desired care. These changing family ties also increase the importance of understanding how adult siblings, including step-siblings, negotiate intergenerational caregiving roles. Finally, women's greater employment also alters the "caregiving reserve" that families have and drives up the costs to women who forego employment to care for family members. In dual-earner families, the demands of two jobs create their own tensions, with men and women often having to negotiate, and renegotiate, how to divide housework, paid work and dependent care.

In this symposium volume, scholars drawn from diverse disciplines consider factors that account for variation and change in relationships within and among generations, the strengths and weaknesses of existing information that can be used to understand change in inter- and intra-generational relationships, as well as implications for social policies.

I. Intergenerational Ties: Contemporary Trends and Contexts

The goal of this section is to review what is known about intergenerational relationships (affective ties, caregiving, exchanges) and explain social, economic, demographic, and institutional contexts that impinge on those relationships. There is also a discussion of key questions that remain to be answered.

Intergenerational Ties: Alternative Theories, Empirical Findings and Trends, and Remaining Challenges
Suzanne M. Bianchi, University of Maryland,V. Joseph Hotz, University of California, Los Angeles, Kathleen McGarry, University of California, Los Angeles, Judith A. Seltzer, University of California, Los Angeles

Are We Asking the Right Questions on Intergenerational Ties?
Rebeca Wong, University of Maryland

Intergenerational Ties: What Can Be Gained from an International Comparative Perspective?
Francesco C. Billari, Università Bocconi, Milan, Italy and Aart C. Liefbroer, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Developing Interdisciplinary Approaches to Study Intergenerational Relationships
Melissa Hardy, Penn State

II. Explaining Change and Variation in Intergenerational Caregiving and Exchanges

The focus of this section is on theoretical frameworks and models that have been proposed in economics and other fields to explain caregiving and exchanges. The section also includes emphasis on biological and evolutionary perspectives that inform theories of intergenerational exchange in the social sciences.

Intergenerational Caregiving and Exchange: Economic and Evolutionary Approaches
Donald Cox, Boston College

Do Bioevolutionary Forces Shape Intergenerational Transfers? Detecting Evidence in Contemporary Survey Data
Merril Silverstein, University of Southern California

The Problem of Predictive Promiscuity in Deductive Applications of Evolutionary Reasoning to Intergenerational Transfers: Three Cautionary Tales
Jeremy Freese, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Beyond Theory: Individual Differences in Exchanges Between Older Parents and Their Children
Steven H. Zarit, Penn State

III. The Nature of Negotiations within Generations

There is much less research on within-generation relationships than on intergenerational exchanges. Chapters in this section focus on innovative new investigations of adult sibling caregiving ties and the ways in which they are leading to new models of sibling interactions.

Intergenerational Support, Care and Relationship Quality in Later Life: Exploring Within-Family Differences
Karl Pillemer, Cornell University, J. Jill Suitor, Purdue University

Unanticipated Lives: Inter- and Intra-generational Relationships in Families with Children with Disabilities
Marsha Mailick Seltzer, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Jan S. Greenberg, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Gael I. Orsmond, Boston University, Julie Lounds, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Matthew J. Smith, Washington University St. Louis

Families as Non-shared Environments for Siblings
Susan M. McHale, Penn State, Ann C. Crouter, Penn State

Family Bargaining and Long-Term Care of the Disabled Elderly
Liliana E. Pezzin, Medical College of Wisconsin, Robert A. Pollak, Washington University St. Louis, Barbara S. Schone, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

IV. Private and Public Provision in Care of Kin: Who Feels an Obligation for Whom?

The chapters in this section focus on the types of kin ties that elicit feelings of private responsibility (exploring "degrees of removal" - biological ties, step-ties, in-laws, siblings, etc.) and how this varies across socioeconomic and racial groups. The implications for public support of within- and across-generation family caring and exchange will also be explored.

The Distribution of Obligations
Steven L. Nock, University of Virginia, Paul W. Kingston, University of Virginia, Laura M. Holian, University of Virginia

Race and Ethnic Influences on Normative Beliefs and Attitudes toward Provision of Family Care
James Jackson, University of Michigan, Toni C. Antonucci, University of Michigan, Edna E. Brown, University of Tennessee, Ssvein Olav Daatland, Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), Oslo, Besangie Sellars, University of Michigan

Between the Motion and the Act: Psychological Perspectives on the Distribution of Obligations
Adam Davey, Temple University

Interpreting Norms of Obligation as Planner's Preferences for Distributional Justice: A Formal Economic Model
Robert J. Willis, University of Michigan

Expanding the Horizon: New Directions for the Study of Intergenerational Care and Exchange
Cassandra Rasmussen Dorius and Laura Wray-Lake, Penn State

Book Citation

Booth, Alan, Ann C. Crouter, Suzanne Bianchi, and Judith A. Seltzer (2008). Intergenerational Caregiving. Washington, D.C.: Urban

The book is available from the Urban Institute Press (420 pages, ISBN 978-0-87766-747-6, $29.50). Order online at http://www.uipress.org, call 410-516-6956, or dial 1-800-537-5487 toll-free. More information is available at http://www.urban.org/books/intergenerationalcaregiving/.

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